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IMC presents Ragas and Sax... Indian Saxophon player (part 2 of 3)

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IMC presents Ragas and Sax... Indian Saxophon player (part 2 of 3)


Published August 5, 2008


Raga CDs of the months (08/08): RAGAS & SAX… Indian Saxophonists

Out of the series “Ragas on Western Instruments” the promotion initiative IMC – India meets Classic presents via IMC OnAir – IMCRadio.Net the topic Ragas & Indian saxophone players (1st broadcasting: 5th August 2008).

In our shows of the past already two instruments of the West were presented, which have found a firm place in (South) Indian Classics: the Harmonium as accompaning instrument and the Violin. This bowed instrument is a component of each performance of the South Indian Classical music (Carnatic). The violin is established as solo main instrument in the North Indian Classical music (Hindustani).

Originally the saxophone was dedicated for symphonic orchestras. It was invented of the Belgian Adolphe Sax in the year 1840 and patented in France.

date of broadcasting: 7th August 2008 – 09:00 p.m. (MEST)

With the arising of Jazz music the triumphant advance of this instrument began in its most different remarks: as Alto, Tenor, Soprano, Baritone or Bass saxophone… With the implementation of African, Eastern and also Indian influences the Jazz Avantguardist John Coltrane expressed his spiritual attitude in his quartet.

IndoJazz as new genre was justified of the Indian composer John Mayer with the Quintett IndoJazzFusions in the 60’s (20th century). This formation considerably had a major influence onto the establishment of the saxophone in India.

Particularly the concerts of Prasant Radhakrishnan in India with compositions in a slow tempo and a controlled demonstration of the ornaments of Indian Ragas (e.g. gamaka-s) have contributed that the image of the saxophone in India has changed as a loud and fast instrument, which is suitable at best to practise technical exercises.
The connection between Jazz and Indian Classical music, the interpretation of raga scales on an instrument which is typical for Jazz, lies in the modal structure. To cite the German music journalists and producer Joachim Ernst Berendt (1922-2000), internationally known as ‘Jazz Pope‘:
“What all these musicians play – the Asian like the Western – differ of the traditional European music by the fact that it is ‘modal’. This means: it is not based on the constantly changing Accordgerists, which is dominating our occidental music, more it is set up on a scale, a ‘mode’ – finally on only one chord… Want to say: It is much more calmly, very less nervous…“
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Our listening examples: Indian Jazz musician Rudresh Mahanthappa (sax) together with Dr. Kadri Gopalnath (sax) in the Dakshina Ensemble, Dr. Kadri Gopalnath & Pravin Godkhindi (Bansuri – Indian bamboo flute), Prasant Radhakrishnan (sax), the Indian composer John Mayer (violin), John Coltrane (sax), Charlie Mariano (sax) & Indian singer/composer R.A. Ramamani (founder of JazzYatra).


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Raga CDs des Monats (08/08): Ragas & Sax - indische Saxophonisten

Aus der Reihe 'Ragas auf westlichen Instrumenten' praesentiert die Foerderinitiative IMC - India meets Classic via IMC OnAir die Sendung Ragas & indische Saxophonisten.

In den zurueckliegenden Sendungen wurden bereits zwei Instrumente des Westens ausfuehrlicher vorgestellt, die in der (sued-)indischen Klassik einen festen Platz gefunden haben: das Harmonium als Begleitinstrument und die Violine. Dieses Streichinstrument ist Bestandteil jeder Performance der suedindischen Klassik; als Solo-/ Hauptinstrument hat es sich besonders in der nordindischen Klassik etablieren koennen.

Das Saxophon war urspruenglich fuer den Einsatz in Sinfonieorchestern gedacht. Es wurde von dem Belgier Adolphe Sax im Jahre 1840 erfunden und in Frankreich patentiert.

Sendetermin: 07. August 2008 - 21:00 MESZ (Mitteleuropaeische Sommerzeit)

Mit dem Aufkommen des Jazz begann der eigentliche Siegeszug dieses Instrumentes in seinen unterschiedlichsten Ausfuehrungen: als Alt-, Tenor-, Sopran-, Bariton oder gar Bass-Saxophon...

IndoJazz, von dem indischen Komponisten John Mayer mit dem Quintett IndoJazzFusions in den 60er Jahren (20. Jahrhundert) begruendet, hatte massgeblich auf die Etablierung des Saxophons in Indien Einfluss. Mit der Aufnahme von afrikanischen, orientalischen und auch indischen Einfluessen kommt die spirituelle Haltung des Jazz-Avantgardisten John Coltraneâs in seinem Quartett besonders zum Ausdruck.

Besonders die Konzerte von Prasant Radhakrishnan in Indien mit Kompositionen im langsamen Tempo u. einer kontrollierten Ausfuehrung der Ornamentik indischer Ragas (s.g. Gamaka-s) haben dazu beigetragen, dass sich das Image des Saxophon als ein lautes u. schnelles Instrument, das bestenfalls dazu geeignet ist, technische UEbungen zu absolvieren, veraendert hat.

Die Verbindung zwischen Jazz und indischer Klassik, die Interpretation von Ragaskalen auf einem fuer den Jazz typischen Instrument, liegt in der modalen Struktur. Dazu der deutschen Musikjournalisten und -produzenten Joachim Ernst Berendt, international als Jazzpapst bekannt:

''Das, was all diese Musiker spielen - die asiatischen wie die westlichen - unterscheidet sich von der traditionellen europaeischen Musik dadurch, dass es 'modal' ist. Das heisst, es basiert nicht auf den staendig wechselnden Akkordgeriisten, die unserer abendlaendischen Musik unterliegen, sondern auf einer Skala, einer 'mode' - letztendlich auf einem einzigen Akkord - will sagen: Es ist sehr viel ruhiger, sehr viel weniger 'nervoes'... (Quelle: Buch 'Die Welt ist Klang - Nada Brahmaâ (vollst.: Die Landschaft des Bewusstseins), 1988)
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Hoerbeispiele: indischer Jazzmusiker Rudresh Mahanthappa, zusammen mit Dr. Kadri Gopalnath im Dakshina Ensemble, Dr. Kadri Gopalnath & Pravin Godkhindi (Bansuri â indische Bambusfloete), Prasant Radhakrishnan, der indische Komponist John Mayer, John Coltrane, Charlie Mariano & indische Saengerin / Komponisten R.A. Ramamani (Gruenderin von Jazz Yatra)
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Source IMC OnAir - www.imcradio.net
Run time 58 min. (part 1 – part 3)

Notes

Ragas are the frame work of the Indian Classical Music. They describe the emotional expression and define the material of notes. All IMC broadcasting shows present original recordings, produced in India and published / distributed from Indian Music Labels.

... complete programme with all details (inclusive podcasting) see www.imcradio.net (German/English language site).

IMC presents Ragas and Sax… Indian Saxophon player (part 2 of 3)

IMC OnAir - IMCRadio.Net

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